Hemp And CBD: Are They Legal In Europe?

Whether or not you are legally allowed to use cannabidiol in a place depends on the specific laws and regulations concerning hemp there. Is hemp legal in Europe? This question appears pretty often, so we have compiled the following list to enlighten you on the matter. Going by EU’s legislation, hemp cultivated for fiber should be legal in the event the plant contains only up to 0.2% THC.

It is possible to use hemp fiber to make many products, including fabrics, dietary substances such as pectin and cellulose, and foodstuff. Here, we will discuss the legality of hemp, cannabis and/or cannabidiol items in many European nations.


The legislation in Austria limits the use of psychoactive cannabis that contains tetrahydrocannabinol. THC is a mind-altering phytocannabinoid. There is no restriction on hemp cannabidiol under the national Narcotic Substances Act. So is hemp CBD legal in the nation? To cut the long story short, yes. Cannabidiol is not a psychoactive substance, which makes it legal here. However, there is a catch: Austria’s government only allows the purchase of an aromatherapy CBD item having 0.3% or less THC. So it does not permit the sale or purchase of other CBD items, including the ones that come as cosmetics and dietary supplements.


The Narcotic Substances And Precursors Control Act forms the foundation for Bulgaria’s drug policy. The NSPCA stipulates limitations on cannabis parts. Hemp containing below 0.2% tetrahydrocannabinol has been legal in the nation for a long time. There is no explicit limitation on goods derived from the hemp plant, which legalizes cannabidiol.


The legislation in Croatia allows the cultivation of industrial hemp. It was banned a long time ago, only to be permitted again in 2012. Presently, the plant spans around 170,000 acres of land in the nation. According to some industry experts, Croatia’s climate suits the plant’s cultivation better as compared to other European places. Cannabidiol’s use is legal, provided that it contains 0.2% or less tetrahydrocannabinol.


The legislation of Denmark limits cannabis to scientific and medical uses. As per the present law in the nation, an individual has to get a prescription for any kind of cannabis. In Denmark, one is allowed to purchase a cannabidiol product that contains 0.2% or less tetrahydrocannabinol. This means that it is not legally possible to purchase any other form of cannabidiol product over the counter or from an ecommerce website.


As per the drug policy in Estonia, nearly every psychoactive substance is not legal. Cannabidiol lacks any mind-altering effect, so the nation does not prohibit it. Even so, law enforcement people recently seized items containing a prohibited level of cannabidiol from some cannabis shops in the nation. Under Estonia’s legislation, it is legal to sell and use a cannabidiol product that has only up to 0.2% THC content.


As per France’s hemp legislation, it is legal to grow the plant that has an extremely large quantity of cannabidiol. France has stringent legislation concerning CBD’s use. Using a CBD item is legal here provided that it has just 0.2% THC. This means it has to be a hemp-based item. The level of tetrahydrocannabinol in the plant is less as compared to marijuana, so its use is legally allowed here. When it comes to the quantity of hemp produced domestically, France is second only to China.


It is among the first European nations to make cannabis legal. Under the legislation in Germany, only fully processed cannabis items can be supplied to customers. So it is not possible to sell items such as cannabis leaves, buds and dried flowers to people. These cannabis strains must be utilized as a part of scientific studies alone. This does not apply to hemp derivatives.

Cannabidiol is available in Germany as a ‘whole-plant’ type product, and crystalline powder. You can purchase any hemp-based CBD product of the full-spectrum and/or isolate type for a medical purpose here.


The Hungary legislation regards cannabis that contains 0.2% or less THC as hemp. So cannabis is not legal in Hungary, but hemp is. Cannabidiol is no controlled substance here, but a CBD product must not have over 0.2% THC. When it comes to beauty products, the legally permitted limit is just 0.001% THC.

Hungary exports hemp-derived cordage, fabric, and rugs in large quantities to America. It also exports hemp paper and hempseed. The plant is known as ‘Kinder’ in the country.


Under Law No. 242, cultivating and producing hemp is legal provided that the plant contains only up to 0.6% THC. It had been changed from the 0.2% THC level that was set at the time of the legalization of the plant. This means you can purchase a CBD product containing 0.6% or less THC from a Hungary-based store for a medical purpose with a prescription. To purchase it over the counter, the level of THC must not exceed 0.2% as it is the case elsewhere in Europe.


It is not legal to use cannabis for fun or a medical purpose in the nation. However, Latvia permits the making of hemp. The nation follows the common European Union legislation regarding hemp. This means that it permits the sale and use of CBD items having a maximum of 0.2% tetrahydrocannabinol. One could buy up to a kilogram of CBD in the event it is for a non-commercial purpose.

Latvia permits hemp’s production, provided that it is for only seeds and fibers. It may be a perfect place to cultivate hemp, but it should consider permitting growing the plant for things like phytocannabinoids too. It is unfortunate that Latvia’s legislation prohibits the extraction of phytocannabinoids from the plant. The plant’s cultivation has much potential, so it is to be hoped that the nation will allow it in the near future.


The Drug Dependence (Treatment not Imprisonment) Act from 2018 controls every phytocannabinoid derived from industrial hemp or marijuana. The Act makes medical marijuana’s use legal. This means that you need a prescription to purchase cannabidiol, as well. Anyone who is specialized in medicine and licensed to practice it under Malta’s Health Care Professions Act, can prescribe cannabis items they formulate. There is another catch: these goods must be made as per GMP guides and registered under Malta’s Medicines Act.

The Netherlands

It is legally possible to grow hemp to get the seeds and fibers of it. In the case cannabidiol is derived from hemp, it would be a breach of the Netherlands’ legislation that pertains to narcotics. Cannabis plant extracts are illegal, and these come under the ‘Opiumwet’ (Opium Law). That said, the Netherlands is not explicitly prohibiting cannabidiol’s use, so it is legal here. The nation tolerates a cannabidiol product’s use as long as the item contains 0.05% or less tetrahydrocannabinol and does not contain CBD in the isolated form.


It is legal to produce hemp in Portugal. You can purchase hemp-based cannabidiol from a pharmacist for a qualifying health condition with a prescription. To make the purchase, you have to get the note that specifies the condition from a certified medical professional. A medical cannabis card will not suffice in Portugal for the purpose, as it is the case in some other nations. Here, hemp must only have 0.2% THC.


The government of Romania allows the use of cannabis for a medical purpose provided that it abides by the 0.2% cannabinoid standard. The same goes for every CBD product available in the nation. There is no government restriction concerning which plant cannabidiol can be extracted from. Therefore, it is possible to derive cannabidiol from marijuana instead of hemp. As with most other European nations, you cannot use it for a recreational purpose here.


Hemp and cannabidiol are in a gray area of law, which complicates matters for a layman. For instance, the government of Spain allows cultivating cannabis for personal application, but it cannot be used for a commercial purpose. It is possible to sell cannabidiol products with the 0.2% tetrahydrocannabinol level provided that the manufacturer follows some rules. It is legally allowed to sell a hemp CBD product in Spain as a cosmetic, not a dietary supplement or edible.

The United Kingdom

It is legal to sell a hemp-based CBD item that contains 0.2% THC in the form of a dietary supplement. The plant variety must have been sourced from beyond the EU or have the European Union’s approval. So, in the sovereign nation, you can only use this form of CBD. As a manufacturer, you should label it as the supplement, and should not make any medicinal claim on the product label or package.

More Interesting Facts About CBD’s Legality In Europe

As you might understand from the above-mentioned details, CBD is in a gray area in some nations. The effects of cannabidiol do not vary by the location it is sourced from. However, some nations still consider it a controlled substance. When it comes to Europe, Slovakia is the only nation in which the government deems cannabidiol a mind-altering substance that is not legal. So under Slovakia’s drug policy, it is a narcotic substance.

Now, does CBD’s use being legal mean that it is also safe? The answer depends on how well the government of each nation regulates it to ensure purity and safety. In many cases, a CBD product has been traded in the market claimed as a legal product, yet it is shown to contain more of the mind-altering cannabinoid. So, wherever you buy it, you must look for the third-party laboratory test result of the product to confirm that it is safe.

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